Refsum worked in Kristiania (later called Oslo) from the mid 19th to the early 20th century. A master bookbinder in leather, but he really seemed to excel at decorating paper, which he used as endpapers, and also to cover books.
He employed a number of familiar paper printing techniques, such as
Woodblock or Linoleum Printing,
His color palette and aesthetic seem to have been greatly influenced by the natural history of his native country, for example Reindeer Moss, the fjords, mountains, and the
Marine Environment - coral, sea urchins and jelly fish.In the field of Book Arts, H.M. Refsum might be to Norway, what William Morris was to Great Britain.
A hundred years later his decorative papers still look fresh and modern.
Loving Refsum's turn-of-the-century take on sixties' tie-dye,